61030396Geology 300: Physical Geology

Geology 301: Physical Geology Lab

Geology 305: Earth Science

Geology 306: Earth Science Lab

 

 

Instructor: Arthur Reed

 

Google Earth

Geomorphology of (mostly) California

aerial views by subject, geology map

overlays, and geophysics data:

(Google Earth must be installed on your computer)

                                               

*    Atmosphere, Weather, Etc

*    Current hourly temperature in western USA

*    2001 Klamath Basin drought before/after overlays

 

*   Coastal Features

*    The barrier island named Atlantic City

*    Barrier island near Charleston, S.C. (with houses)

*    Baymouth bar near Arcata

*    Baymouth bar, reverse current, Bodega Bay

*    Breakwater at Crescent City

*    Breakwater at Long Beach

*    Breakwater at Redondo Beach

*    Breakwaters (multiple)  at Tel Aviv causing beach growth

*    Flooded river (rising sea) at Point Reyes

*    Jetties & breakwaters at Oxnard

*    Jetties at Bodega Bay

*    Jetties at Eureka

*    Jetties at Gold Beach

*    Jetties at Mission Bay

*    Jetties at Morro Bay

*    Jetties at Santa Cruz

*    Jetties near Long Beach

*    Jetty & breakwater at Marina Del Rey

*    Jetty & breakwater at N. Oxnard

*    Jetty at Fort Brag

*    Jetty at Newport Beach

*    Jetty with sand visible at Camp Pendleton

*    Sand dunes at Pismo Beach

*    Source of coastal sand, near Gualala

*    Straightened beach at Point Reyes

*    Wave cut cliffs north of Fort Bragg

*    Wave cut Cliffs eroding toward houses at Capitola

*    Wave cut Cliffs eroding toward houses near Pacific Palisades

*    Wave cut cliffs near houses at Santa Cruz

*    Wave cut terrace north of Jenner

*    Wave cut terrace north of Point Arena

*    Wave cut terrace being formed near Pacific Palisades

 

*   Depositional & Desert Features

*    Alluvial fans in Mojave Desert,  near Owens Lake,  Near Bishop,  joined together,  small fans,  Inyo County fans, series of fans & bajadas,

*    Aral Sea, overlay of aerial photo of the sea in 1960 - before desertification

*    Ancient wave-cut terraces north of Reno (ancient Basin & Range lake)

*    Pyramid Lake wave-cut terraces

*    Central Nevada – many playas

*    Desert flood hazards Ivanpah Valley area of Nevada

*    Great Salt Lake & salt flats

*    Gulf of California, likely minerals deposition

*    Huge mud cracks in the desert

*    Mono Lake, likely minerals deposition

*    Playa, near Columbus, Nevada

*    Playa and seasonal lake, near Trona, California

*    ‘Racetrack Playa’ in Nevada (home of the sailing rocks)

*    Salton Sea,  likely minerals deposition

*    Sand dunes at Pismo Beach

*    Small Mesas & Buttes in Monument Valley, AZ

*    ‘The Racetrack’, home of the mysterious sliding stones

*    Delta in Great Slave Lake, Canada

*    Reservoir near LA showing filling by sedimentation

 

*   Erosional Features (including mass wasting)

*    New & Old meanders, Inyo County

*    Hillside slumps & flows alongside highway 80 near Cordelia

*    La Conchita Landslide scare

*      Yungay, Peru (site of devastating debris flow on May 31, 1970)

*    Landslide (old) in Humboldt County

*    Last remnant of an ancient plain in Nevada  (or lava cap)

 

*   Fluvial Features

*    2 abandoned meanders (oxbow lakes) 15 miles north of Sacramento

*    3 oxbow lakes 25 miles north of Sacramento

*    Sacramento River (more) meanders & oxbows

*    Meanders & oxbows near Great Slave Lake, Canada

*    Sacramento & American Rivers photo overlay showing sediment load

*    Sacramento River changes course causing possible county boundary change

*    New & old meanders, Inyo County

*    Radial drainage on several extinct volcanoes in Lassen County

*    Rectangular (or Trellis?) drainage pattern in Southern California

*    Trellis (coast range), Centripetal (Mono Lake), Radial (Mt. Shasta), and Rectangular (Southern Calif), Dendritic (Eastern Front of Rockies) drainage patterns

*    Human-made drainage pattern in California desert

*    Braided river (stream) in Congo

*    Sacramento “possible flood” related

1.     Trace of Sacramento River (primary contributor of water flowing through Sacramento)

2.       Trace of American River (secondary discharge contributor of water flowing through Sacramento)

3.       Trace of Feather River (tertiary discharge contributor of water flowing through Sacramento)

4.     Map of Sacramento Valley Flood Control Project

5.     Map of potential flood water depths in Sacramento

6.     Shasta Dam, Oroville Dam, Folsom Dam

 

*   Geologic map overlays on Google Earth

(NOTE: these overlay maps tend to really slow Google Earth!)

*    California (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    Oregon (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    Washington (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    Hawaii (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    United States (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    More map overlays (this links to additional geologic map overlays)

 

*   Geophysics

*    Bouguer gravity anomaly map of the US (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    Isostatic residual gravity anomaly map of the US (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    GRACE gravity model for Earth (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    Earth’s magnetic field (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    US magnetic anomaly map (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    World magnetic anomaly map (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    Terrestrial gamma radioactivity for US (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    Nuclear testing database overlay

*    EGS (Enhance Geothermal System) Potential in the USA

*    GeoThermal Overlay of U.S.A

*    Geothermal Potential, Surface Heat Flow, USA

 

*   Glacial Features

*    Cirque near Glacier Bay

*    Flooded glacial valley (fjord) in Norway, Flooded glacial valleys (fjords)  in Norway

*    Glaciers near Juneau,  Terminal Moraine near Juneau

*    Glacial terminal moraine & outwash in SE Alaska,  Sediment clogged Glacial Discharge near Juneau

*    Glacier with medial & lateral sediments in SE Alaska

*    Glacier Bay, Alaska

*    Glacier Bay Alaska, overlay of glacier retreat record

*    Great Basin Pleistocene lakes map (overlay)

*    Ice Age lake shoreline in western Nevada

*    Lake Missoula ice dam location

*    Long Island, N.Y., a terminal moraine

*    Map of Pleistocene glaciation in North America

*    Map of Pleistocene lakes in the Mojave Desert

*    Two likely locations of Ice Age ice dams (near Lake Tahoe)

*    U-shaped glacial valley (Yosemite)

*    U-shaped glacial valley near Glacier Bay

 

*   Ocean & Ocean Floor

*    Map of 1929 Grand Banks turbidity current cable breaks

*    Sketch of former Hudson River channel in the continental shelf

*    Monterey Bay Canyon

*    An atoll,  one of many in the Marshall islands

*    Submarine canyon near Cape Mendocino

*    Submarine canyon off Humboldt County

*    Ocean floor – Age, earthquake record, volcanoes

*    Ocean floor map overlay outside the Golden Gate bridge (large download)

 

*   Structural Features, including earthquakes

*    USGS ‘Real-time’ earthquakes epicenters map

*    Overlay map showing metamorphic rock near the Great Lakes

*    Clear surface expression of a major fault, Pt. Reyes

*    Interesting surface rock pattern, Inyo County

*    Dome (doubly plunging anticline)  near Grenville Wyoming

*    Historic Faults Worldwide

*    Faults from last 15,000 yrs in western USA

*    Western USA: Quaternary, Mid-Late Quaternary, Late Quaternary, Holocene-Late Pleistocene, Historic

*    Vegetation pattern indicating subsurface structure, in Butte county

*    Earthquake, volcano, and seafloor age record overlay

*    New Zealand 2010 and 2011 fault overlay    New Zealand February 2011 shake map

*    Earth’s tectonic plates boundaries

*    Earthquake record by year: 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 (to March)

 

*    San Andreas Fault (see also USGS overlays related to SF Bay Area seismic information)

*    Trace (map) of the fault’s entire length (NOTE: this fault can be tens of meters wide, and in places have more than one fault strand visible.)

*    Near San Bernardino

*    Near Palmdale

*    Near Gorman

*    Near Tehachapi

*    Near Bakersfield

*    Near San Luis Obispo

*    At Highways 41 & 46 (James Dean Memorial)

*    Near San Benito

*    At San Juan Batista

*    Near San Jose

*    Near San Francisco

*    Near Point Reyes

 

*   Volcanic Features & Geothermal

*    Ship Rock (eroded volcanic neck in Arizona)

*    Group of likely cinder cones, Inyo County

*    Crater Lake, a composite cone turned caldera

*    Mount Lassen, a composite cone

*    Mount Shasta, a composite cone  (oblique view)

*    Black Butte (a cinder cone adjacent to Mt. Shasta)(oblique view)

*    Mauna Loa, a shield volcano in Hawaii

*    Recent lava flow in Siskiyou County

*    Recent lava flow near Mount Shasta

*    Redoubt volcano, Alaska

*    Mt. St. Helens volcano, Oregon

*    Mt. Etna volcano, Sicily, Italy

*    Mt. Vesuvius volcano, Italy (destroyed Pompeii)

*    Stromboli volcano, Aeolian Sea, Italy

*    Chiliques Volcano, Chile

*    Locations of “hot spots” (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    Locations of large igneous provinces (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    Overlay of Yellowstone plateau volcanic field (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    Columbia plateau basalts (view 1)  Columbia plateau basalts (view 2)

*    Geothermal potential, surface heat flow, USA

*    Geothermal overlay of USA

*    Sierra Negra Eruption on Galapagos Island

*    Java mud volcano

*    Holocene volcanoes overlay

 

*   Important geographic features

*    Aleutian Islands (a volcanic arc)

*    North American cordillera

*    Andes mountains

*    Appalachian mountains

*    Basin & Range Province

*    Himalaya mountains

*    Sierra Nevada mountains

*    Ural mountains

 

*    Moon (These may require Google Earth be open with the “Moon View” already selected)

*    Apollo 11 landing story narrated (may require a click on the camera icon next to the ‘slider’)

*    Apollo 17 with narration by Harrison Schmitt  (may require a click on the camera icon next to the ‘slider’)

 

*    Planet Mars (These may require Google Earth be open with the “Mars View” already selected)

*    Mars “Pathfinder” landing spot

*    Mars “Phoenix” landing spot

*    Mars “Viking 1” landing spot

*    Mars Viking 2 landing spot

*    Mars ”Spirit” Rover Landing Spot

*    Martian Welcoming Committee for Spirit Rover

*    Mars “Olympus Mons”

*    Mars “Valles Marineris

*      Mars “Victoria Crater” (landing spot of “Opportunity” rover)

 

*    Astronomy, & beyond our solar system (works best if Google Earth is open with “Sky View” already selected)

*    Possible galaxy birth with explanation

*    Where is the Hubble orbiting space telescope now?

 

*    Current events (updated when interesting story occurs)

*    Real-time earthquake monitoring

*    Sumatra earthquake, September 30, 3009

*    Samoa earthquake, September 30, 2009

 

*    Surface Mines in California

There are approximately 1,500 active surface mines in California, most of which are producers of aggregate (sand & gravel).  Following are aerial views of many of the non-aggregate surface mines.

*    Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Miner PopupAsbestos, San Benito County

*    Borates, Inyo County

*    Cinder, Inyo County

*    Cinder, Kern County

*    Cinder, Lassen County

*    Cinder, Lassen County

*    Diatomite, Kern County

*    Diatomite, Lassen County

*    Diatomite, Shasta County

*    Dolomite, Kern County

*    Dolomite & limestone, Monterey County

*    Dolomite, Santa Barbara County

*    Feldspar, San Bernardino County

*    Gem Stones, San Benito County

*    Gypsum, Imperial County

*    Gypsum, Kern County

*    Gypsum, Merced County

*    Gypsum, Riverside County

*    Gypsum, San Benito County

*    Gypsum, Ventura County

*    Iron Ore, Riverside County

*    Iron Ore, San Bernardino County

*    Iron Ore, San Bernardino County

*    Iron Ore, San Bernardino County

*    Lignite, Amador County

*    Limestone, Calaveras County

*    Limestone, El Dorado County

*    Limestone, El Dorado County

*    Limestone, Kern County

*    Limestone, Kern County

*    Limestone, & Cement Plant, Kern County

*    Limestone, & Cement Plant, San Bernardino County

*    Limestone, San Bernardino County

*    Limestone, San Bernardino County

*    Limestone, San Luis Obispo County

*    Limestone, Santa Barbara County

*    Limestone, Santa Clara County

*    Limestone, Santa Cruz County

*    Limestone, Shasta County

*    Limestone, Tuolumne County

*    Lode Gold, Amador County

*    Lode Gold, El Dorado County

*    Lode Gold, Imperial County

*    Lode Gold, Kern County

*    Lode Gold, Kern County

*    Lode Gold, Nevada County

*    Lode Gold, Plumas County

*    Lode Gold, San Bernardino County

*    Perlites, Inyo County

*    Placer Gold, Butte County

*    Platinum Group Metals, Siskiyou County

*    Quartz Crystal, Riverside County

*    Rare Earth Elements, San Bernardino County (operational outline)

*    Saline Compounds, Inyo County

*    Sericite, San Bernardino County

*    Shale, Humbolt County

*    Silica Sand, Butte County

*    Silica Sand, Contra Costa County

*    Silica Sand, Kern County

*    Silica Sand, Orange County

*    Silica Sand, San Bernardino County

*    Sulfur, Inyo County

*    Talc, San Bernardino County

*    Talc, San Bernardino County

*    Talc, San Bernardino County

*    Talc, San Bernardino County

*    Talc, San Bernardino county

*    Tungsten, Inyo County

*    Zeolite, Inyo County

*    Zeolite, Inyo County

*    Zeolite, San Bernardino County

 

*    Locations related to the mining industry (to be updated)

*    Monolith Cement Manufacturing Company in Tehachapi, CA

*    San Diego mineral resources (obtained from CSUSD Geology)

*    Searles Lake mining resources in Mojave Desert

*    Copper deposits in Iran, Aster Ban overlay

 

*    Locations referenced in the Geology 306 Lab Book, Tarbuck 7e (Use these if/when necessary to help understand the photos in the lab manual)

*    Fig 3.2, Mt. Capulin, New Mexico

*    Fig 3.3A, Eyjafjallajokul Volcano, Iceland

*    Fig 3.3B, Mississippi Delta

*    Fig 3.3C, Goat Paddock Crater, Australia

*    Fig 3.4, Maytown, Pennsylvania

*    Fig 3.13, Leadville, Colorado

*    Fig 3.15, Lake Mead (partial), Colorado River

*    Fig 4.6, Missouri River near Great Falls, Montana

*    Fig 4.7, Missouri River near Portage, Montana

*    Fig 4.8, near Belfast, New York

*    Fig 4.10, Red River near Campti, Louisiana

*    Fig 4.11, Red River near Campti, Louisiana

*    Fig 4.18, near Park City, Kentucky

*    Fig 4.19, near Park City, Kentucky

*    Fig 4.21, Yellowstone River Canyon & Lower Falls

*    Fig 5.2, Great Basin

*    Fig 5.3, near Antelope Peak, Arizona

*    Fig 5.4, near Antelope Peak, Arizona

*    Fig 5.8, near Whitewater, Wisconsin

*    Fig 5.9, near Whitewater, Wisconsin

*    Fig 5.11, Somewhere in Kluane National Park

*    Fig 5.12, Mt. Blanc (likely photo location)

*    Fig. 5.13, near Holy Cross, Colorado

*    Fig 5.15, alluvial fan not found (this is similar)

*    Fig. 5.16, Athabaska Glacier, Canada

*    Fig 7.25 overlay, Devils Fence, UT (approx fit)

*    Fig 7.25, near Devil’s Fence, MT (approx)

*    Fig 7.32 overlay, Lake Michigan area

*    Fig. 7.32, Lake Michigan area

*    Fig. 9.7, Runoff (lower left box)

*    Fig 10.2, Plate Boundaries (approximate overlay)

*    Fig. 10.8, Hawaiian Island chain (older islands to left)

*    Fig 11.11, coastal features location not found

*    Fig 11.13, Pt. Reyes

*    Fig 20.1A, Mt Shasta

*    Fig 20.1B, Mt Shasta (photo in book is reversed!)

*    Fig 20.2, Valley & Ridge Province, Pennsylvania

*    Fig 20.5, Impact Crater, Arizona

*    Fig 20.6A, Euler Crater, Moon

*    Fig 20.6C, Rayed Moon Crater

*    Fig 20.6D, Orientale Basin, Moon

*    Fig 20.9A, Valles Marineris, Mars

*    Fig 20.9C, Olympus Mons, Mars

*    Fig 20.9E, (similar) Dunes of Endurance Crater, Mars

*    Fig 20.9E, (similar), Dune field near N Pole, Mars

*    Fig 20.9E, (similar), Dunes of Proctor Crater, Mars

*    Fig 20.11, Dendritic Drainage Pattern, Mars

*    Fig 20.12, Apollinaris Patera, Mars

*    Grand Canal Tour-thru, Vallis Marinaris, Mars (15 minutes)

 

*    Locations referenced in the Geology 300 Textbook (Plummer 13e) (to be updated)

*     

*    Locations reference in the Geology 305 textbook (Tarbuck 12e) (to be updated)

*     

 

*    Locations referenced in the Geology 301 Lab Book, Busch 10e (Use these if/when necessary to help understand the photos in the lab manual)

*    Fig 11.3 Elizabeth Furnace

*    Fig 11.4 Garvin Canyon

*    Fig 11.5 Lawton Ranch, Ennis Montana

*    Fig 11.7 Westgard Cemetery, Voltaire

*    Fig 11.8 Pumping Sta., Rio Grande

*    Fig. 11.9 Niagara Falls

*    Activity 11.6A Gaging Sta., Montezuma, Georgia

*    Activity 11.6G, Montezuma, Georgia

 

*    Locations referenced in the Geology 301 Lab Book, Busch 9e (Use these if/when necessary to help understand the photos in the lab manual)

*    Fig 1.9, Mt Etna, with Overlay

*    Fig 1.10, Escondido Mine, Chile

*    Fig 1.10, Escondido Mine, with Overlay

*    Fig on Pg 47, Eastern Pacific

*    Fig on Pg 49, North Atlantic

*    Fig on Pg 51, San Andreas Fault, Overlay

*    Fig on Pg 52, Plate Movement in CA, Overlay

*    Fig 2.5, Hawaiian Chain, Overlay

*    Fig 2.5, Hawaii & Emperor Seamont Chain

*    Fig 2.6, Yellowstone Hotspot, Overlay (poor fit)

*    Fig 5.13, Ship Rock, Overlay

*    Fig 5.14, East Coast USA

*    Fig 6.7, Great Lakes

*    Fig on Pg 142, Mississippi Delta, Overlay

*    Fig on Pg 192, Grand Canyon

*    Fig on Pg 224, Grand Canyon

*    Fig on Pg 240 Upper, Near Las Vegas

*    Fig 9.2, Ritter Ridge, CA

*    Fig 9.7, Lebanon, Pennsylvania

*    Fig 9.8, Galapagos Islands

*    Fig 9.15, Coffeyville, Kansas

*    Fig 9.17, Garibaldi Lake, British Columbia

*    Fig 9.18, Mt. Price, British Columbia

*    Fig on Pg 223, Ritter Ridge, CA

*    Fig. on Pg 240 Lower

*    Fig on Pg 241, Wind River Area, WY

*    Fig. on Pg 242, near Six Mile Canyon, Colorado

*    Fig. on Pg 247, South Central Pennsylvania

*    Fig. on Pg 248, Colorado National Monument

*    (remainder coming soon…)

 

*    Locations referenced in the Geology 301 Lab Book, Busch 8e (Use these if/when necessary to help understand the photos in the lab manual)

*    Fig. 1.10, Mt. Etna, Sicily, Italy

*    Fig. 1.11, Lake Chad

*    Fig. 1.12, Chiliques Volcano, Chile

*    Fig.  1.13, Escondida Mine, Chile

*    Fig. 2.10, Hawaii & Emperor Seamont Chain

*    Fig. 2.12, Section of the San Andreas Fault

*    Fig. 5.21 Shiprock, New Mexico

*    Fig. 5.23, SE Pennsylvania

*    Fig. 6.6, Great Lakes Area

*    Fig. 9.3, Cucamonga California Area

*    Fig. 9.11, Base Line Road near Sacramento

*    Fig. 9.24, Garibaldi Lake, British Columbia

*    Fig. 9.25, Garibaldi Lake, British Columbia

*    Fig. 11.3, Lake Scott, Kansas

*    Fig. 11.6, Waldron, Arkansas

*    Fig. 11.7, Souris River, North Dakota

*    Fig. 11.8, Near Voltaire, North Dakota

*    Fig. 11.9, Ennis, Montana

*    Fig. 11.10, Near Ennis, Montana

*    Fig. 11.11, Rio Grande River at Brownsville, Texas

*    Fig. 11.12, Niagara Gorge, New York

*    Fig. 11.14, Montezuma, Georgia

*    Fig. 11.16, Montezuma, Georgia

*    Fig. 12.3, Rocky Hill, Kentucky

*    Fig. 12.6, Lake Carroll, Florida

*    Fig. 12.11, San Jose, California

*    Fig. 13.9, Siffleur River, Alberta

*    Fig. 13.10, Harvard Glacier, Alaska

*    Fig. 13.11, Indian River & Trent River, Ontario

*    Fig. 13.12, Palmyra, Wisconsin

*    Fig. 13.13, Hebron, Wisconsin

*    Fig. 13.15, Glacier Park, Montana

*    Fig. 13.16, Nisqually Glacier, Washington

*    Fig. 14.5, Antelope Peak, Arizona

*    Fig. 14.6, Furnace Creek, California

*    Fig. 14.8, Wah Wah Valley, Utah

*    Fig. 14.11, White Lake, Nebraska

*    Fig. 15.4, Adria, Italy

*    Fig. 15.5, Oceanside, California

*    Fig. 15.6, Point Reyes, California

*    Fig. 15.7, St. Catherines Island, Georgia

*    Fig. 15.8, Ocean City, Maryland

*    Fig. 15.10, Miami, Florida

*    Fig. 16.8, Carrizo Plain, California

 

 

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