Important…for these extra credit opportunities,

INTERNET DATA MUST BE BASED AT A REPUTABLE COLLEGE OR RESEARCH FACILITY, AND BY RESEARCHERS THAT CAN BE EASILY VERIFIED

 

Geology 300, Physical Geology

Geology 301, Physical Geology Lab

Geology 305, Earth Science

Geology 306, Earth Science Lab

Instructor: Arthur Reed

Extra credit – Multiple Options available

(Points may vary depending on course)

 

These subjects have limited availability and may be removed as options if they are chosen by too many students.  In all cases, get instructor permission before proceeding on any of the following options!

 

 

Option I, Research Paper (see also “informal instruction” below)

 

Up to 25 points (may vary depending on class) may be earned by doing an extra credit mini research paper.  The paper will be on a subject/article approved by the instructor (only one student per article).  It will consist of a discussion of the evidence supporting and/or refuting a current geology or other Earth science issue.  A typical subject could be:

·         Click here for more topic suggestions.

·         A discussion of the evidence that global warming is impacting coral reefs.

·         A discussion of the evidence that dinosaurs became extinct as a result of massive volcanic activity rather than impact of a meteor.

·         Is it realistic to think humans can exist on Earth without having a major impact on the Earth’s atmosphere and water?

·         Is it possible to “waste” water?  (after all, it still remains ‘water’ after use)

·         Etc.

 

Requirements:

·         Due by the last day of lecture before final.

·         Write a minimum 3-page type-written 1½ spaced paper using 12 point Times New Roman or similar size font.  Turn-in both the printed version and the digital MS Word version.

·         Current popular viewpoints must be questioned and validated or refuted.

·         A discussion of current news items.

·         A critical look at the information/facts in related articles.

·         A critical look at the opinions in related articles.

·         A summary with the author’s supported opinion.

·         The paper must include:

o   References (facts or substantiated opinions) from CRC library books (or equal) or peer reviewed papers (studies).  References can include websites so long as they are closely affiliated with a reputable college or research facility.  You may use websites to locate information but the information itself must have a physical location that can be referenced, such as a “research paper by Dr. X at the University of Wisconsin.”

o   No unsupported facts.

 

Informal instruction (open letter in response to a subject request):

Hello M..,

 

Your subject sounds fine.

 

But, keep in mind I am not looking for a conventional “report” type paper. It is easy to find news articles and books stating all the standard beliefs about pollution, oil companies, and harm being done to the environment.  I am looking for the more difficult to find information that supports ideas most people would not consider.  I am looking for the writer to be daring in questioning conventional and popular ideas, opinions, and/or causes.  Perhaps the public is incorrect when they assume oil drilling damages the environment.  The oil companies are easy and popular targets; it can be difficult to keep an open mind under such conditions. The emphasis is to question and find flaws in conventional thinking.  There are many opinions on oil drilling, oil companies, and the environment that do not have a scientific foundation.  These often are based on assumptions, current popular crusades, or people’s “gut” feelings (instincts).  Could an oil drilling platform off the coast of California actually be beneficial to the environment rather than harmful?  Try to find evidence to support this view.  If it is harmful, whose fault is it actually? ...yours when you drive your car to the store?  Is seeing an oil platform off the coast an “eyesore”? …by whose standards?  Is global warming bad? …some people living further north where the weather is colder may not agree that global warming is bad.  The intent here is to start with (and keep) an open mind and make a fair evaluation of both sides of an issue, particularly an issue in which few people would think of supporting an opposing position because it appears to go against something most people feel is sacred...like the environment. 

 

In summary, your chosen subject is fine, just do your best to daringly question some aspects of popular thinking.

 

Good luck,

Arthur Reed

 

 

Option II, Google Earth Flight

 

Up to 25 points (may vary depending on class) extra may be earned by creating a Google Earth “flight” to a series of related surficial features in California.  The flight will be to a set of features approved by the instructor (only one student per set of features).  The features must be ones studied in this course or equal.  The project deliverables will include a finished paper version and the digital file containing the Google flight. A typical feature group may include:

 

·         Drainage patterns

·         Coastal features

·         River features

·         Geologic structures

·         Other suggestions?

 

Requirements:

·         Due by the last day of lecture before final.

·         Part 1 is a 3-page type-written paper using 12 point Times New Roman or similar size font that includes:

o   A summary

o   The name of each feature

o   The likely surface and underlying materials, structures, etc.

o   The likely history of the features and the processes that created them.

o   The likely future evolution of the features

·         Part 2 is the Google flight (movie) file:

o   Include the written material for each surficial feature in the flight so it displays on the screen while viewing the feature (condensed version is OK).

o   Include arrows and outlines where useful for clarity so it displays on the screen while viewing the feature.

o   Make sure your name is contained in the file name and displayed somewhere in the presentation.

·         Turn-in either the paper copy and digital media containing the Google file, or turn-in digital copy of both by email.

 

Option III, Google Earth Placemarks

 

1 point placemarks, maximum possible is 10 points

 

Using Google Earth (it's a free download) find surface features similar to those described in chapters:  10-Streams, 13 Deserts, and 14 Coasts.  The feature should be located in California and easy to recognize.  Features in neighboring state are alright if that feature cannot be found in California. 

 

With the feature positioned in the center of your screen, choose the “Add Placemark” tool (pushpin icon).  In the appropriate area of the dialog box add a name for the feature and a description of the feature you selected.  When finished, click OK.  then find the Placemark in the area on the left of your screen, right-click on the placemark, and choose “Email”.  Send each properly located and described feature to me.  Maximum of 10 placemarks/features for this assignment.  Due by the last class before final.

 

UPDATE NOTE:  Do not use the same features chosen for your Google Earth homework assignment!

 

 

Option IV, find features using Google Earth

 

5 point placemarks, maximum per student is 10 points

Find the exact location and view angle of any features listed (click to view link) below.  Email your saved image and ‘placemark’ to me.

NOTE: Once credit is given for a found feature, it will no longer be available in the current class (click to see linked Google Earth aerial photo).  All in California unless noted otherwise.

·         Abandoned excavation for a PG&E nuclear power plant site

·         Inactive open pit gold mine

·         Inactive open pit iron mine

·         Active open pit rare earth mine

·         Active open pit borax mine

·         Extreme example of coastal straightening

·         Baymouth bar

·         Cinder cone

·         Jetties at a harbor inlet

·         Uplifted wave-cut platform (marine terrace)

·         The location of the aerial photo on page 239 of the lab manual (9e). (not California)

·          (more to come)

 

Option V, Coal to Diamonds

 

This extra credit is worth up to 10 points depending on its quality.

 

Assignment:

Up to 10 points extra credit for answering the question: How much coal would be needed to make a diamond (both diamonds and coal are composed of nearly 100% carbon atoms)?

This question will likely lead to other questions or problems about this concept.  You must explain any problems encountered and do your best to answer this question taking those issues into account.  Research must be wide-ranging.  If web research is used, it must be education based or be the work of a verifiable expert in the field.  All turned-in work is to be that of one individual…as with all extra credit, no joint efforts and no similar papers. Due by the last class before final.

 

 

Option VI, Highway 50 1983 Landslide

 

This extra credit is worth up to 25 points depending on its quality.

 

Up to 25 points may be earned by doing an extra credit mini research paper.  The paper will be on the highway 50 landslide of 1983 in El Dorado County (not the 1997 slide).

 

Requirements:

·         Due by the last day of lecture before final.

·         Write a 3-page type-written paper using 12 point Times New Roman or similar size font.

·         A description of the event.

·         A description of the underlying geology.

·         An explanation of the accepted cause, and your own possible differing viewpoint.

·         A critical look at the information/facts in related articles.

·         Actions taken since the slide to prevent another slide in the same area.

·         Other findings that may be of interest to a reader such as:

o   Have people rebuilt homes in the area?

o   Is there on-going monitoring of the site?

o   Were there urban myths about “underground river” in the aftermath?

·         The paper must include:

o   References (facts or substantiated opinions) from CRC library books (or equal) or peer reviewed papers (studies).  References can include websites so long as they are closely affiliated with a reputable college or research facility.  You may use websites to locate information but the information itself must have a physical location that can be referenced, such as a “research paper by Dr. X at the University of Wisconsin.”

o   No unsupported facts.

 

Option VII, Red Bricks

 

This extra credit is worth up to 5 points depending on its quality.

 

Up to 5 points may be earned by finding what materials are used to make red bricks (the common type of which many older houses and building are made) and explaining why they are always colored red.

 

Requirements:

·         Due by the last day of lecture before final exam.

·         Research may be by book or the internet, but the source must be clearly given. And, include a personal evaluation of the reliability of each of your sources.

·         All turned-in work is to be that of one individual…as with all extra credit, no joint efforts.

 

Option VIII, Deep Drilling Project in Russia

This extra credit is worth up to 10 points depending on its quality.

Up to 10 points may be earned by finding and reporting on the “Kola Superdeep Borehole” project in Russia, including reporting on any more recent attempts to drill into the mantle.

 

Requirements:

·         Include in the write-up:

o   Details of this projects history, current status, and future plans (if any)

o   What problems did they encounter during this deep drilling?

o   Details of discoveries made as a result of the project.

·         Due by the last day of lecture before final exam.

·         Research may be by book or the internet, but all sources must be clearly given.  And, include a personal evaluation of the reliability of each of your sources.

·         All turned-in work is to be that of one individual…as with all extra credit, no joint efforts.

 

Option IX, Class Binder (Portfolio) (NOTE: Available to Geology 301 only)

This extra credit is worth up to 10 points depending on its quality.

 

The Lab Binder consists of a packaging of all lab exercises from the entire semester.  Organize the binder chronologically with the exercises separated by dividers, and with some type of appropriate cover page.  This is something of an informal ‘portfolio’ of your work done in Geology lab.  It must have the high quality of a ‘college’ assignment!

 

It is due at the beginning of the last class meeting before the final.

 

 

Alternative method…

Scanning your exercises, organizing into some type of presentable digital document with a cover & dividers then submitting electronically, is an acceptable alternative.  Again, this must have a high quality and creative appearance.

 

 

 

 

Option VIII, Geology Cake